Blackheads are a type of acne known as plural comedones and they are made up of keratin and sebum, which clog pores and cause dark spots. Problems like stress, skin allergies and puberty are all factors that contribute to a blackhead infection. Blackheads are open, which can cause bacteria to spread more easily. Avoid squeezing blackheads, because this could cause an infection and leave permanent scars.
Treating blackheads starts by washing the face in the morning and at night with warm salt water. Salt water leaves the face oil free without irritating acne that may already be there. Stay away from harsh scrubs because they can cause irritation and even make blackheads and acne worse. Fragrance-free, non-comedogenic soaps are the best types of soaps to use.
Use a washcloth to wash the face to prevent bacteria from spreading. Scrub in a circular motion and let the soap sit on the face for about 30 seconds. Wash off the soap with lukewarm water and pat the face dry.
Steam is another method for getting rid of blackheads. Steaming the face helps open clogged pores and softens the skin, making it easier to remove the blackheads off the face.
Boil water in a pan, remove from heat and lean over the pan with a towel over your head to catch the steam. Allow the steam to directly hit the face for 10 minutes. Beauty Advices suggests using lemon, peppermint or thyme in the water for oily skin and lavender, rose or rosemary for normal skin.
According to Best in Cosmetics, several home remedies are effective for getting rid of blackheads. Mix together 1 tbsp. black pepper powder and curd. The mixture will form a heavy paste. Apply the paste to the infected area and let it dry for 5 to 7 minutes. Wash the face with lukewarm water.
Other mixtures used for the treatment of blackheads include 1 tsp. lime juice mixed with 1 tsp. cinnamon powder. Speedy Remedies advises using tea tree oil mixed with witch hazel as another method for getting rid of blackheads. Applying a fresh mashed potato to the infected area is another simple home remedy for treating blackheads. Green tea can also be used as a facial cleanser for blackheads.